Martin Koebel1

M, #22771, b. September 11, 1802, d. April 30, 1874
     Martin Koebel was born on September 11, 1802 in France.1,2
Martin married Christina Kleinfelde circa 1830 at France.1
In 1870 Martin Koebel farmed at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Christina and Martin Koebel lived in 1870 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri. Residing with them were, their child, Martin..1
Martin is a head of household on the 1870 U. S. Census for Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was identified as a 67-year-old male born in France, his parents were foreign born. He owned real estate valued at $5,000.00 and personal property valued at $600.00. Enumerated with him were:, his son Martin.1 Martin Koebel, Jacob Koebel and Peter Koebel were neighbors according to the 1870 census. They were living in Bonhomme Township, Missouri.1,3,4
Martin died on April 30, 1874 at age 71.2 He was buried in May, 1874 in Parkway United Church of Christ Cemetery in Town and Country, St. Louis County, Missouri.2

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1870Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriMartin Koebel1

Family

Christina Kleinfelde b. 1798
Children

Citations

  1. [S3589] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S946] St. Louis Genealogical Society, Old Cemeteries St. Louis County, Missouri Volume I.
  3. [S3588] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  4. [S3587] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Jacob Koebel household.

Christina Kleinfelde1,2

F, #22772, b. 1798
     Christina Kleinfelde was born in 1798 in France.1
Christina married Martin Koebel circa 1830 at France.1
Christina and Martin Koebel lived in 1870 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri. Residing with them were, their child, Martin..1
Christina was enumerated with her husband, Martin Koebel under the name of "Christina Koebel" on the 1870 U. S. Census for Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a 72-year-old woman born in France, her parents were both foreign born.1

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1870Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriMartin Koebel1

Family

Martin Koebel b. September 11, 1802, d. April 30, 1874
Children

Citations

  1. [S3589] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S5306] Peter Koebel Death Certificate.
  3. [S3588] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.

Martin Koebel1

M, #22773, b. September 3, 1830, d. April 7, 1917
Father*Martin Koebel1 b. September 11, 1802, d. April 30, 1874
Mother*Christina Kleinfelde1 b. 1798
     Martin Koebel, son of Martin Koebel and Christina Kleinfelde, was born on September 3, 1830 in région of Alsace-Lorraine, France.2 Conflicting evidence placed his birth in 1840 (1870 census.)1
Martin Koebel immigrated in 1847 from Germany.3
Martin married Christine Kleinfelder circa 1868.4
He lived with his parents, Christina and Martin, in 1870 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Between 1870 and 1880 Martin Koebel farmed at Bonhomme Township in Missouri.5,1
Martin was enumerated with his parent Martin Koebel on the 1870 U. S. Census for Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a 30-year-old male born in France, both his parents were foreign born.1
Martin married Bertha Schmidt, daughter of Fred Schmidt, on August 11, 1872 at Parkway United Church of Christ, Town and Country, St. Louis County, Missouri.5,6,7,8 His wife, Christine, died on January 21, 1874 at age 25.4
Bertha and Martin Koebel lived in 1880 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Wilhelm, Ferdinand and Carl..5
Martin is a head of household on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was identified as a married 49-year-old male born in Elsace as were his parents. Enumerated with him were: his wife Bertha, his sons Wilhelm Heinrich, Ferdinand Martin and Carl August Albert.5
Martin appeared as a veteran in the the Special Schedule - Surviving Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines, and Widows, etc. of the 1890 U.S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Altheim, St. Louis County, Missouri, he was identified as having served as a private in Company B, 1st Missouri Enrolled Militia, serving from 1861 to 1864 (three years).9
In 1900 Martin Koebel farmed in St. Louis, Missouri.3
Bertha and Martin Koebel lived in 1900 at 4332 Alozton Avenue in St. Louis, Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Ferdinand, Herman, Caroline, Maria and Elizabeth..3
Martin is a head of household on the 1900 U. S. Census of Ward 28, St. Louis, Missouri. He was identified as a 69-year-old male born in Germany as were his parents. He had been married for 28 years and owned a home which was mortgaged. Enumerated with him were: his wife Bertha, his sons Ferdinand Martin and Herman, his daughters Maria Christine Bertha, Caroline Christine Magdalene and Elizabeth Sophia.3 At the time of Bertha's death in 1911, Martin and Bertha resided at 4352 Clayton Avenue in St. Louis County, Missouri.10 His wife, Bertha, died on September 29, 1911 at age 59. He was the informant on her death certificate.10
Martin died on April 7, 1917 at 4352 Clayton Avenue in Missouri at age 86.2 His cause of death was arterio-sclersis and senility.2
The undertaker who handled his arrangements was L. Spelbrink at 1321 Franklin Avenue in St. Louis, Missouri.2 He was buried on April 9, 1917 in St. Peter Catholic Cemetery in Kirkwood, St. Louis County, Missouri.2

Family 1

Christine Kleinfelder b. September 24, 1848, d. January 21, 1874

Family 2

Bertha Schmidt b. July, 1852, d. September 29, 1911
Children

Citations

  1. [S3589] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S5307] Martin Koebel Death Certificate.
  3. [S3598] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Martin Koebel household.
  4. [S946] St. Louis Genealogical Society, Old Cemeteries St. Louis County, Missouri Volume I.
  5. [S3590] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Martin Koebel household.
  6. [S3591] Missouri Marriages, 1766-1983, Ancestry.com (database online), 2004.
  7. [S1] St Louis City Marriages 1804-76, Ancestry.com (database online), 2000.
  8. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.
  9. [S3937] 1890 U.S. Federal Census (Special Schedule of the Eleventh Census numerating Surviving Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines and Widows, Etc), Martin Koebel entry.
  10. [S5310] Bertha Koebel Death Certificate.

Peter Koebel1

M, #22774, b. June 30, 1832, d. February 24, 1914
Father*Martin Koebel1 b. September 11, 1802, d. April 30, 1874
Mother*Christina Kleinfelde1 b. 1798
     Peter Koebel, son of Martin Koebel and Christina Kleinfelde, was born on June 30, 1832 in Birlenbach, départment of Bas-Rhin, région of Alsace, France.1,2,3,4
Peter Koebel immigrated in 1853 from Germany.5
Peter married Elizabeth Reiss on December 24, 1856 at Parkway United Church of Christ, Town and Country, St. Louis County, Missouri.1,3
From 1870 to 1900 Peter Koebel farmed at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.2,1,6
Elizabeth and Peter Koebel lived in 1870 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Elizabeth, Henry, George, Christina, Peter and Daniel..1
Peter is a head of household on the 1870 U. S. Census for Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was identified as a 38-year-old male born in France, his parents were foreign born. He owned real estate valued at $2,000.00 and personal property valued at $600.00. Enumerated with him were:, his sons Henry, George, Peter Jacob and Daniel, his daughters Christina Dorothy and Elizabeth.1 Peter Koebel, Jacob Koebel and Martin Koebel were neighbors according to the 1870 census. They were living in Bonhomme Township, Missouri.7,1,8
Elizabeth and Peter Koebel lived in 1880 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Elizabeth, Henry, George, Christina, Peter, Martin, Julius, Magdalena and Frederick..2
Peter is a head of household on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was identified as a 47-year-old married man born in Elsace as were his parents. Enumerated with him were: his wife Elizabeth, his sons Henry, George, Peter Jacob, Martin Daniel, Julius and Frederick Wilhelm, his daughters Elizabeth, Magdalena Julie and Christina Dorothy.2
Peter appeared as a veteran in the the Special Schedule - Surviving Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines, and Widows, etc. of the 1890 U.S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Altheim, St. Louis County, Missouri, he was identified as having served as a private in Company B, 1st Missouri enrolled militia, serving from 1861 to 1864 (three years).9
Elizabeth and Peter Koebel lived in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Peter, Martin and Frederick..6
Peter is a head of household on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was identified as a 67-year-old man born in Germany as were his parents. He had been married for 40 years, could read, write and speak English. He owned a farm which was mortgaged as listed on farm schedule 99. Enumerated with him were: his wife Elizabeth, his sons Peter Jacob, Martin Daniel and Frederick Wilhelm.6 His wife, Elizabeth, died on July 11, 1907 at age 71.10
Peter died on February 24, 1914 at Bonhomme Township in near Altheim, St. Louis County, Missouri, at age 81, Henry Koebel was the informant on his death certificate.4 His cause of death was cirrhosis of the liver.4
The undertaker who handled his arrangements was Wm. Schrader in Ballwin, St. Louis County, Missouri.4 Peter Koebel was buried on February 27, 1914 in Zions Evangelical Cemetery in St. Louis County, Missouri.4

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1870Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriPeter Koebel1
1880Bonhomme Township, MissouriPeter Koebel2
1890Bonhomme Township, Altheim, St. Louis County, MissouriPeter Koebel9
1900Bonhomme Township, MissouriPeter Koebel6

Family

Elizabeth Reiss b. January 12, 1836, d. July 11, 1907
Children

Citations

  1. [S3588] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S3594] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  3. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.
  4. [S5306] Peter Koebel Death Certificate.
  5. [S3688] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Le Pere household.
  6. [S3600] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  7. [S3589] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  8. [S3587] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Jacob Koebel household.
  9. [S3938] 1890 U.S. Federal Census (Special Schedule of the Eleventh Census numerating Surviving Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines and Widows, Etc), Peter Koebel entry.
  10. [S946] St. Louis Genealogical Society, Old Cemeteries St. Louis County, Missouri Volume I.
  11. [S3592] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Michael Koebel household.

Elizabeth Reiss1,2

F, #22775, b. January 12, 1836, d. July 11, 1907
     Elizabeth Reiss was born on January 12, 1836 in France.1,3
Elizabeth Reiss immigrated in 1845 from Germany.4
Elizabeth married Peter Koebel, son of Martin Koebel and Christina Kleinfelde, on December 24, 1856 at Parkway United Church of Christ, Town and Country, St. Louis County, Missouri.1,2
Elizabeth and Peter Koebel lived in 1870 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Elizabeth, Henry, George, Christina, Peter and Daniel..1
Elizabeth was enumerated with her husband, Peter Koebel under the name of "Elizabeth Koebel" on the 1870 U. S. Census for Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a 38-year-old woman born in France, her parents were both foreign born.1
Elizabeth and Peter Koebel lived in 1880 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Elizabeth, Henry, George, Christina, Peter, Martin, Julius, Magdalena and Frederick..5
Elizabeth was enumerated as the wife of Peter Koebel under the name of "Elizabetha Koebel" on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a married 44-year-old woman born in Elsace as were her parents.5
Elizabeth and Peter Koebel lived in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Peter, Martin and Frederick..4
Elizabeth was enumerated as the wife of Peter Koebel under the name of "Elizabeth Koebel" on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a 64-year-old woman born in Germany as were her parents. She had been married for 40 years and had 11 children of whom eight were still living.4
Elizabeth died on July 11, 1907 at age 71.3 She was buried in July, 1907 in Parkway United Church of Christ Cemetery in Town and Country, St. Louis County, Missouri.3

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1870Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriPeter Koebel1
1880Bonhomme Township, MissouriPeter Koebel5
1900Bonhomme Township, MissouriPeter Koebel4

Family

Peter Koebel b. June 30, 1832, d. February 24, 1914
Children

Citations

  1. [S3588] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.
  3. [S946] St. Louis Genealogical Society, Old Cemeteries St. Louis County, Missouri Volume I.
  4. [S3600] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  5. [S3594] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  6. [S3592] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Michael Koebel household.

Elizabeth Koebel1

F, #22776, b. July 7, 1857
Father*Peter Koebel1 b. June 30, 1832, d. February 24, 1914
Mother*Elizabeth Reiss1 b. January 12, 1836, d. July 11, 1907
     Elizabeth married Joseph Froesel.2 Elizabeth Koebel, daughter of Peter Koebel and Elizabeth Reiss, was born on July 7, 1857 in Missouri.1,2
She lived with her parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1870 at Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Elizabeth was enumerated with her parent Peter Koebel on the 1870 U. S. Census for Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a 13-year-old girl born in Missouri, her parents were foreign born. She was attending school.1
She lived with her parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1880 at Bonhomme Township, Missouri.3
Elizabeth was doing housework in 1880.3
Elizabeth was enumerated as the daughter of Peter Koebel on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a 23-year-old woman born in Missouri, her parents were born in Elsace.3

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1870Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriPeter Koebel1
1880Bonhomme Township, MissouriPeter Koebel3

Citations

  1. [S3588] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.
  3. [S3594] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.

Henry Koebel1

M, #22777, b. May 21, 1861
Father*Peter Koebel1 b. June 30, 1832, d. February 24, 1914
Mother*Elizabeth Reiss1 b. January 12, 1836, d. July 11, 1907
     Henry Koebel, son of Peter Koebel and Elizabeth Reiss, was born on May 21, 1861 in Missouri.1,2,3
He lived with his parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1870 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
He was enumerated with his parent Peter Koebel on the 1870 U. S. Census for Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as an eight-year-old boy born in Missouri, his parents were foreign born. He was attending school.1
He lived with his parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1880 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri.4
Henry was working on a farm in 1880.4
Henry was enumerated as the son of Peter Koebel on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a 19-year-old male born in Missouri, his parents were born in Elsace.4
Henry married Emma (?) in 1894.2
In 1900 Henry Koebel farmed at Bonhomme Township in Missouri.2
Emma and Henry Koebel lived in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Walter, Lemar and Julius..2 Henry Koebel and George Koebel were shown as neighbors on the 1900 U.S. census.2,5
Henry is a head of household on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was identified as a 34-year-old male born in Missouri, his parents were born in Germany. He had been married for six years and was renting a farm. Enumerated with him were: his wife Emma, his sons Walter, Lemar and Julius W.2 Henry was the informant listed on the death certificate of Peter Koebel on February 24, 1914.6

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1870Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriPeter Koebel1
1880Bonhomme Township, MissouriPeter Koebel4
1900Bonhomme Township, MissouriHenry Koebel2

Family

Emma (?) b. September, 1865
Children

Citations

  1. [S3588] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S3596] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), George Koebel household.
  3. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.
  4. [S3594] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  5. [S3595] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), George Koebel household.
  6. [S5306] Peter Koebel Death Certificate.

George Koebel1

M, #22778, b. 1865
Father*Peter Koebel1 b. June 30, 1832, d. February 24, 1914
Mother*Elizabeth Reiss1 b. January 12, 1836, d. July 11, 1907
     George Koebel, son of Peter Koebel and Elizabeth Reiss, was born in 1865 in Missouri.1 Conflicting evidence placed his birth In September, 1867 (1900 census.)2
He lived with his parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1870 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
He was enumerated with his parent Peter Koebel on the 1870 U. S. Census for Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a five-year-old boy born in Missouri, his parents were foreign born. He was shown as attending school but because of his age this is not likely.1
He lived with his parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1880 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri.3
George was working on a farm in 1880.3
George was enumerated as the son of Peter Koebel on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a 16-year-old male born in Missouri, his parents were born in Elsace.3
George married Elizabeth "Lizzie" Haas on December 2, 1894 at St. Louis County, Missouri.4
In 1900 George Koebel farmed at Bonhomme Township in Missouri.2
Elizabeth and George Koebel lived in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Edwin, Albert and Emma..2 Henry Koebel and George Koebel were shown as neighbors on the 1900 U.S. census.5,2
George is a head of household on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was identified as a 32-year-old male born in Missouri, his parents were born in Germany. He had been married for four and was renting a farm which was listed on farm schedule 162 years. Enumerated with him were: his wife Elizabeth, his sons Edwin and Albert K., his daughter Emma.2

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1870Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriPeter Koebel1
1880Bonhomme Township, MissouriPeter Koebel3
1900Bonhomme Township, MissouriGeorge Koebel2

Family

Elizabeth "Lizzie" Haas b. August, 1872
Children

Citations

  1. [S3588] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S3595] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), George Koebel household.
  3. [S3594] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  4. [S6134] Missouri Marriage Records, 1805-2002, Ancestry.com (database online), 2007.
  5. [S3596] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), George Koebel household.

Christina Dorothy Koebel1,2,3

F, #22779, b. January 1, 1866
Father*Peter Koebel1 b. June 30, 1832, d. February 24, 1914
Mother*Elizabeth Reiss1 b. January 12, 1836, d. July 11, 1907
     Christina Dorothy Koebel, daughter of Peter Koebel and Elizabeth Reiss, was born on January 1, 1866 in Missouri.1,3
She lived with her parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1870 at Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Christina was enumerated with her parent Peter Koebel on the 1870 U. S. Census for Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a four-year-old girl born in Missouri, her parents were foreign born. She was listed as attending school but probably was not because of her age.1
She lived with her parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1880 at Bonhomme Township, Missouri.2
Christina Dorothy was doing housework in 1880.2
Christina was enumerated as the daughter of Peter Koebel on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a 14-year-old girl born in Missouri, her parents were born in Elsace.2

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1870Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriPeter Koebel1
1880Bonhomme Township, MissouriPeter Koebel2

Citations

  1. [S3588] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S3594] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  3. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.

Peter Jacob Koebel1,2

M, #22780, b. September 22, 1867, d. before 1951
Father*Peter Koebel3 b. June 30, 1832, d. February 24, 1914
Mother*Elizabeth Reiss3 b. January 12, 1836, d. July 11, 1907
     Peter Jacob Koebel was also known as Jacob P.3,4 Peter Jacob Koebel, son of Peter Koebel and Elizabeth Reiss, was born on September 22, 1867 in Missouri.3,2
He lived with his parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1870 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.3
He was enumerated with his parent Peter Koebel on the 1870 U. S. Census for Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a two-year-old boy born in Missouri, his parents were foreign born. He was shown as attending school but not possible due to his age.3
He lived with his parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1880 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri.1
Peter Jacob was working on a farm in 1880.1
Peter was enumerated as the son of Peter Koebel on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a 12-year-old male born in Missouri, his parents were born in Elsace.1
He lived with his parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri.5
Peter Jacob was a farm laborer in 1900.5
Peter was enumerated as the son of Peter Koebel on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a single 32-year-old male born in Misouri, his parents were born in Germany.5
Peter married Emily Julia Froesel, daughter of Thomas Froesel and Louisa Stock, on November 23, 1902 at St. Louis County, Missouri.6
In 1910 Peter Jacob Koebel farmed at Bonhomme Township in Missouri.4
Emily and Peter Jacob Koebel lived in 1910 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Mabel and Ellen..4
Peter is a head of household on the 1910 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was identified as a 42-year-old man born in Missouri, his parents were born in Germany. This was his first marriage and he had been married for five years. He could read, write and speak English and rented a farm listed on farm schedule 109. Enumerated with him were: his wife Emily Julia, his daughters Mabel and Ellen.4 Peter Jacob Koebel and Philip Rasch were shown as neighbors on the 1910 U.S. census.7,4
Peter died before 1951.8

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1870Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriPeter Koebel3
1880Bonhomme Township, MissouriPeter Koebel1
1900Bonhomme Township, MissouriPeter Koebel5
1910Bonhomme Township, MissouriPeter Jacob Koebel4

Family

Emily Julia Froesel b. November 10, 1872, d. January 16, 1951
Children

Citations

  1. [S3594] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.
  3. [S3588] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  4. [S3601] 1910 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Jacob P. Koebel household.
  5. [S3600] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  6. [S6134] Missouri Marriage Records, 1805-2002, Ancestry.com (database online), 2007.
  7. [S3602] 1910 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Phillip Rasch household.
  8. [S5312] Emily Julia Koebel Death Certificate.

Daniel Koebel1

M, #22781, b. September 15, 1869, d. November 19, 1871
Father*Peter Koebel1 b. June 30, 1832, d. February 24, 1914
Mother*Elizabeth Reiss1 b. January 12, 1836, d. July 11, 1907
     Daniel Koebel was also known as Martin D.2 Daniel Koebel, son of Peter Koebel and Elizabeth Reiss, was born on September 15, 1869 in Missouri.1,3
He lived with his parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1870 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
He was enumerated with his parent Peter Koebel on the 1870 U. S. Census for Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a one-year-old boy born in Missouri, his parents were foreign born. He was shown as attending school but not possible due to his age.1
Daniel died on November 19, 1871 at age 2.3 He was buried in November, 1871 in Parkway United Church of Christ Cemetery in Town and Country, St. Louis County, Missouri.4

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1870Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriPeter Koebel1

Citations

  1. [S3588] 1870 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S3594] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  3. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.
  4. [S946] St. Louis Genealogical Society, Old Cemeteries St. Louis County, Missouri Volume I.

Bertha Schmidt1,2,3

F, #22782, b. July, 1852, d. September 29, 1911
Father*Fred Schmidt4
     Bertha Schmidt, daughter of Fred Schmidt, was born in July, 1852 in Germany.1,5
Bertha Schmidt immigrated in 1872 from Germany.5
Bertha married Martin Koebel, son of Martin Koebel and Christina Kleinfelde, on August 11, 1872 at Parkway United Church of Christ, Town and Country, St. Louis County, Missouri.1,6,2,7
Bertha and Martin Koebel lived in 1880 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Wilhelm, Ferdinand and Carl..1
Bertha was enumerated as the wife of Martin Koebel under the name of "Bertha Koebel" on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a married 28-year-old female born in Prussia as were her parents.1
Bertha and Martin Koebel lived in 1900 at 4332 Alozton Avenue in St. Louis, Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Ferdinand, Herman, Caroline, Maria and Elizabeth..5
Bertha was enumerated as the wife of Martin Koebel under the name of "Bertha Koebel" on the 1900 U. S. Census of Ward 28, St. Louis, Missouri. She was listed as a 47-year-old woman born in Germany as were her parents. She had been married for 28 years and had seven children, six of whom were still living.5 At the time of Bertha's death in 1911, Martin and Bertha resided at 4352 Clayton Avenue in St. Louis County, Missouri.4
Bertha died on September 29, 1911 at 4352 Clayton Avenue in Ellisville, St. Louis County, Missouri, at age 59, Martin Koebel was the informant on her death certificate.4 Her cause of death was entero colitus (tuberculosis.)4 Mrs. Bertha Koebel was buried on October 2, 1911 in St. Peter Catholic Cemetery in Kirkwood, St. Louis County, Missouri.4

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1880Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriMartin Koebel1
1900Ward 28, St. Louis, MissouriMartin Koebel5

Family

Martin Koebel b. September 3, 1830, d. April 7, 1917
Children

Citations

  1. [S3590] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Martin Koebel household.
  2. [S1] St Louis City Marriages 1804-76, Ancestry.com (database online), 2000.
  3. [S3591] Missouri Marriages, 1766-1983, Ancestry.com (database online), 2004, 2.
  4. [S5310] Bertha Koebel Death Certificate.
  5. [S3598] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Martin Koebel household.
  6. [S3591] Missouri Marriages, 1766-1983, Ancestry.com (database online), 2004.
  7. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.

Ferdinand Martin Koebel1

M, #22783, b. January 10, 1878
Father*Martin Koebel1 b. September 3, 1830, d. April 7, 1917
Mother*Bertha Schmidt1 b. July, 1852, d. September 29, 1911
     He was normally known as Martin.2 Ferdinand Martin Koebel, son of Martin Koebel and Bertha Schmidt, was born on January 10, 1878 in Missouri.1,3
He lived with his parents, Bertha and Martin, in 1880 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Ferdinand was enumerated as the son of Martin Koebel on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a two-year-old boy born in Missouri, his father was born in Elsace and his mother in Prussia.1
He lived with his parents, Bertha and Martin, in 1900 at 4332 Alozton Avenue in St. Louis, Missouri.2
Ferdinand Martin was a teamster, he had been unemployed for six months during the year in 1900.2
Ferdinand was enumerated as the son of Martin Koebel on the 1900 U. S. Census of Ward 28, St. Louis, Missouri. He was listed as a single 22-year-old male born in Missouri, his parents were born in Germany.2

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1880Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriMartin Koebel1
1900Ward 28, St. Louis, MissouriMartin Koebel2

Citations

  1. [S3590] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Martin Koebel household.
  2. [S3598] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Martin Koebel household.
  3. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.

Carl August Albert Koebel1

M, #22784, b. April 22, 1880
Father*Martin Koebel2 b. September 3, 1830, d. April 7, 1917
Mother*Bertha Schmidt2 b. July, 1852, d. September 29, 1911
     He was normally known as Albert.2
He lived with his parents, Bertha and Martin, in 1880 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.2 Carl August Albert Koebel, son of Martin Koebel and Bertha Schmidt, was born on April 22, 1880 in Missouri.2,1
Carl was enumerated as the son of Martin Koebel on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a one-month-old boy born in Missouri, his father was born in Elsace and his mother in Prussia.2

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1880Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriMartin Koebel2

Citations

  1. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.
  2. [S3590] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Martin Koebel household.

Barbary (?)1

F, #22785, b. August, 1870
     Barbary (?) was born in August, 1870 in Missouri.1
Barbary married Michael "Mick" Koebel, son of Jacob Koebel and Elizabeth Fehl, in 1891.12
Mick and Barbery Koebler
From Family Tree on Ancestry

Barbary and Michael "Mick" Koebel lived in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri. Residing with them were, their child, Oliver..1
Barbary was enumerated as the wife of Michael "Mick" Koebel under the name of "Barbary Koebel" on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a 29-year-old female born in Missouri as were her parents. She had been married for nine years and had one child, still living. She could read, write and speak English.1

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1900Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriMichael "Mick" Koebel1

Family

Michael "Mick" Koebel b. July, 1870
Child

Citations

  1. [S3592] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Michael Koebel household.
  2. [S6186] Public Member Trees, Ancestry.com (database online), 2006.

Oliver Koebel1

M, #22786, b. June, 1895
Father*Michael "Mick" Koebel1 b. July, 1870
Mother*Barbary (?)1 b. August, 1870
     Oliver Koebel, son of Michael "Mick" Koebel and Barbary (?), was born in June, 1895 in Missouri.1
He lived with his parents, Barbary and Michael, in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Oliver was enumerated as the son of Michael "Mick" Koebel on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a five-year-old boy born in Missouri as were his parents. He was not attending school.1

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1900Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriMichael "Mick" Koebel1

Citations

  1. [S3592] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Michael Koebel household.

Julius Koebel1

M, #22787, b. November 18, 1873, d. June 2, 1899
Father*Peter Koebel2 b. June 30, 1832, d. February 24, 1914
Mother*Elizabeth Reiss2 b. January 12, 1836, d. July 11, 1907
     Julius Koebel, son of Peter Koebel and Elizabeth Reiss, was born on November 18, 1873 in Missouri.1,3
He lived with his parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1880 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Julius was enumerated as the son of Peter Koebel on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a six-year-old male born in Missouri, his parents were born in Elsace.1
Julius died on June 2, 1899 at age 25.4 He was buried in June, 1899 in Parkway United Church of Christ Cemetery in Town and Country, St. Louis County, Missouri.4

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1880Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriPeter Koebel1

Citations

  1. [S3594] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S3592] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Michael Koebel household.
  3. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.
  4. [S946] St. Louis Genealogical Society, Old Cemeteries St. Louis County, Missouri Volume I.

Magdalena Julie Koebel1

F, #22788, b. July 4, 1877
Father*Peter Koebel2 b. June 30, 1832, d. February 24, 1914
Mother*Elizabeth Reiss2 b. January 12, 1836, d. July 11, 1907
     Magdalena Julie Koebel, daughter of Peter Koebel and Elizabeth Reiss, was born on July 4, 1877 in Missouri.1,3
She lived with her parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1880 at Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Magdalena was enumerated as the daughter of Peter Koebel on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a three-year-old girl born in Missouri, her parents were born in Elsace.1

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1880Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriPeter Koebel1

Citations

  1. [S3594] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S3592] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Michael Koebel household.
  3. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.

Frederick Wilhelm Koebel1,2

M, #22789, b. August 4, 1879
Father*Peter Koebel3 b. June 30, 1832, d. February 24, 1914
Mother*Elizabeth Reiss3 b. January 12, 1836, d. July 11, 1907
     Frederick Wilhelm Koebel, son of Peter Koebel and Elizabeth Reiss, was born on August 4, 1879 in Missouri.1,2
He lived with his parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1880 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Frederick was enumerated as the son of Peter Koebel on the 1880 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a ten-month-old male born in Missouri, his parents were born in Elsace.1
He lived with his parents, Elizabeth and Peter, in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in Missouri.4
Frederick Wilhelm was a farm laborer in 1900.4
Frederick was enumerated as the son of Peter Koebel on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a single 20-year-old male born in Misouri, his parents were born in Germany.4

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1880Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriPeter Koebel1
1900Bonhomme Township, MissouriPeter Koebel4

Citations

  1. [S3594] 1880 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.
  2. [S3827] Familien Register of Parkway United Church of Christ.
  3. [S3592] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Michael Koebel household.
  4. [S3600] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Peter Koebel household.

Elizabeth "Lizzie" Haas1,2

F, #22790, b. August, 1872
     Elizabeth "Lizzie" Haas was born in August, 1872 in Missouri.1
Elizabeth married George Koebel, son of Peter Koebel and Elizabeth Reiss, on December 2, 1894 at St. Louis County, Missouri.2
Elizabeth and George Koebel lived in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Edwin, Albert and Emma..1
Elizabeth was enumerated as the wife of George Koebel under the name of "Lizzie Koebel" on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a married 27-year-old woman born in Missouri, her parents were born in Germany. She had been married for four years and had four children, three of whom were still living.1

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1900Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriGeorge Koebel1

Family

George Koebel b. 1865
Children

Citations

  1. [S3595] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), George Koebel household.
  2. [S6134] Missouri Marriage Records, 1805-2002, Ancestry.com (database online), 2007.

Edwin Koebel1

M, #22791, b. September, 1895
Father*George Koebel1 b. 1865
Mother*Elizabeth "Lizzie" Haas1 b. August, 1872
     Edwin Koebel, son of George Koebel and Elizabeth "Lizzie" Haas, was born in September, 1895 in Missouri.1
He lived with his parents, Elizabeth and George, in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Edwin was enumerated as the son of George Koebel on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a four-year-old boy born in Missouri as were both his parents.1
Edwin married Henrietta A. Heinmeyer on April 28, 1935 at St. Louis County, Missouri.2

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1900Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriGeorge Koebel1

Family

Henrietta A. Heinmeyer b. 1914

Citations

  1. [S3595] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), George Koebel household.
  2. [S6134] Missouri Marriage Records, 1805-2002, Ancestry.com (database online), 2007.

Albert K. Koebel1

M, #22792, b. March, 1897
Father*George Koebel1 b. 1865
Mother*Elizabeth "Lizzie" Haas1 b. August, 1872
     Albert K. Koebel, son of George Koebel and Elizabeth "Lizzie" Haas, was born in March, 1897 in Missouri.1
He lived with his parents, Elizabeth and George, in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Albert was enumerated as the son of George Koebel on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a three-year-old boy born in Missouri as were both his parents.1

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1900Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriGeorge Koebel1

Citations

  1. [S3595] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), George Koebel household.

Emma Koebel1

F, #22793, b. March, 1898
Father*George Koebel1 b. 1865
Mother*Elizabeth "Lizzie" Haas1 b. August, 1872
     Emma Koebel, daughter of George Koebel and Elizabeth "Lizzie" Haas, was born in March, 1898 in Missouri.1
She lived with her parents, Elizabeth and George, in 1900 at Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Emma was enumerated as the daughter of George Koebel on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a two-year-old girl born in Missouri as were both her parents.1

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1900Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriGeorge Koebel1

Citations

  1. [S3595] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), George Koebel household.

Emma (?)1

F, #22794, b. September, 1865
     Emma (?) was born in September, 1865 in Ohio.1
Emma married Henry Koebel, son of Peter Koebel and Elizabeth Reiss, in 1894.1
Emma and Henry Koebel lived in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri. Residing with them were, their children Walter, Lemar and Julius..1
Emma was enumerated as the wife of Henry Koebel under the name of ""Emma Koebel"" on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a married 34-year-old woman born in Ohio as were her parents. She had been married for six years and had three children, all still living.1

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1900Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriHenry Koebel1

Family

Henry Koebel b. May 21, 1861
Children

Citations

  1. [S3596] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), George Koebel household.

Walter Koebel1

M, #22795, b. September, 1894
Father*Henry Koebel1 b. May 21, 1861
Mother*Emma (?)1 b. September, 1865
     Walter Koebel, son of Henry Koebel and Emma (?), was born in September, 1894 in Missouri.1
He lived with his parents, Emma and Henry, in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Walter was enumerated as the son of Henry Koebel on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a five-year-old boy born in Missouri as was his father, his mother was born in Ohio.1
Walter married Kathrine L. A. Schoettler on November 30, 1921 at St. Louis County, Missouri.2

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1900Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriHenry Koebel1

Citations

  1. [S3596] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), George Koebel household.
  2. [S6134] Missouri Marriage Records, 1805-2002, Ancestry.com (database online), 2007.

Lemar Koebel1

M, #22796, b. August, 1895
Father*Henry Koebel1 b. May 21, 1861
Mother*Emma (?)1 b. September, 1865
     Lemar Koebel, son of Henry Koebel and Emma (?), was born in August, 1895 in Missouri.1
He lived with his parents, Emma and Henry, in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Lemar was enumerated as the son of Henry Koebel on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a four-year-old boy born in Missouri as was his father, his mother was born in Ohio.1

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1900Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriHenry Koebel1

Citations

  1. [S3596] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), George Koebel household.

Julius W. Koebel1,2

M, #22797, b. July, 1899
Father*Henry Koebel1 b. May 21, 1861
Mother*Emma (?)1 b. September, 1865
     Julius W. Koebel, son of Henry Koebel and Emma (?), was born in July, 1899 in Missouri.1
He lived with his parents, Emma and Henry, in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Julius was enumerated as the son of Henry Koebel on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a ten-month-old boy born in Missouri as was his father, his mother was born in Ohio.1
Julius married Elizabeth Blase, daughter of (?) Blase and Elizabeth (?), on November 5, 1922 at St. Louis County, Missouri.3
Julius lived with his mother-in-law, Elizabeth (?), from 1935 to 1940 at 210 Wilson Avenue in Kirkwood, St. Louis County, Missouri.2
Julius W. was a pipe fitter for the gas utility in 1940. He worked 52 weeks in 1939 and his income was $1,800. He worked 40 hours in the week of March 24, 1940.2
     Julius was enumerated as the son-in-law of Elizabeth (?) on the 1940 U. S. Census for Ward 5, Kirkwood, St. Louis County, Missouri. He was listed as a married 40-year-old male born in Missouri. His highest education was sixth grade.2

Family

Elizabeth Blase b. 1900

Citations

  1. [S3596] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), George Koebel household.
  2. [S7679] 1940 — Sixteenth Census of the United States (Population Schedule), Missouri, Elizabeth Blase household.
  3. [S6134] Missouri Marriage Records, 1805-2002, Ancestry.com (database online), 2007.

Lizzie Koebel1

F, #22798, b. October, 1881
Father*Jacob Koebel1 b. June 14, 1840, d. January 2, 1922
Mother*Elizabeth Fehl1 b. 1843, d. between 1883 and 1900
     Lizzie Koebel, daughter of Jacob Koebel and Elizabeth Fehl, was born in October, 1881 in Missouri.1
Lizzie lived with her parent, Jacob, in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.1
Lizzie was enumerated as the daughter of Jacob Koebel on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. She was listed as a single 18-year-old female born in Missouri, her parents were born in Germany.1

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1900Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriJacob Koebel1

Citations

  1. [S3597] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Jacob Koebel household.

George W. Koebel1,2

M, #22799, b. June, 1883
Father*Jacob Koebel2 b. June 14, 1840, d. January 2, 1922
Mother*Elizabeth Fehl2 b. 1843, d. between 1883 and 1900
     George W. Koebel, son of Jacob Koebel and Elizabeth Fehl, was born in June, 1883 in Missouri.2,1
George lived with his parents, Jacob, in 1900 at Bonhomme Township in St. Louis County, Missouri.2
George was enumerated as the son of Jacob Koebel on the 1900 U. S. Census of Bonhomme Township, Missouri. He was listed as a 16-year-old male born in Missouri, his parents were born in Germany.2
George married Carrie E. Eberwein on December 27, 1905 at St. Louis County, Missouri.1

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1900Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County, MissouriJacob Koebel2

Family

Carrie E. Eberwein b. 1882

Citations

  1. [S6134] Missouri Marriage Records, 1805-2002, Ancestry.com (database online), 2007.
  2. [S3597] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Jacob Koebel household.

Herman Koebel1

M, #22800, b. February, 1882
Father*Martin Koebel1 b. September 3, 1830, d. April 7, 1917
Mother*Bertha Schmidt1 b. July, 1852, d. September 29, 1911
     Herman Koebel, son of Martin Koebel and Bertha Schmidt, was born in February, 1882 in Missouri.1
He lived with his parents, Bertha and Martin, in 1900 at 4332 Alozton Avenue in St. Louis, Missouri.1
Herman was a clerk in 1900.1
Herman was enumerated as the son of Martin Koebel on the 1900 U. S. Census of Ward 28, St. Louis, Missouri. He was listed as a single 18-year-old male born in Missouri, his parents were born in Germany.1

Census

Census YearPlaceHead of Household
1900Ward 28, St. Louis, MissouriMartin Koebel1

Citations

  1. [S3598] 1900 U.S. Federal Census (Population Schedule), Martin Koebel household.